15 Signs of Liver Problems by Doctors that should not to Missadmin
Signs of a malfunction of the liver, this vital organ, can manifest itself in a number of characteristic symptoms. The degree of their severity and combination will depend on the specific type of disease, its severity and the presence of other concomitant pathologies. But nevertheless, it is possible to suspect a malfunction in the liver by the following characteristic symptoms.
Pain. As a rule, pain is localized in the right hypochondrium and can be given to the right scapula, or to the interscapular region. Minor pains aching or bursting in nature, accompanied by feelings of heaviness, indicate a sluggish pathology of inflammatory, toxic or other origin. More intense pain in the right hypochondrium occurs with severe purulent and inflammatory processes, with the appearance of stones in the bile ducts. Pronounced, painful and sharp painful sensations appear with hepatic colic caused by the movement of stones along the bile ducts.
Nausea and vomiting. Such a symptom is characteristic of many gastrointestinal diseases, but in liver diseases it is more pronounced. Against the background of nausea, patients often have significant disturbances in appetite, an aversion to certain foods (especially fatty foods), pain in the right hypochondrium and diarrhea. Sometimes nausea results in vomiting, which brings temporary relief. With liver diseases in the vomit, bile impurities can be observed.
Yellow plaque on the tongue. With liver diseases, the tongue is often covered with a yellow coating. The degree of its intensity and severity of color depends on the type of disease.
Temperature rise. With liver pathologies (hepatitis, cirrhosis), the temperature usually rises to 38 ° C and remains at 37-37.5 ° C. Sometimes it remains within normal limits during the day and rises only in the evening. In diseases of the biliary tract – body temperature rises to higher numbers (39 ° C and above) and is often accompanied by muscle twitching.
Bitterness in the mouth. This symptom is characteristic of many pathologies and can be of a different nature. For problems with the liver, it is caused by the ingestion of bile from the stomach into the esophagus. Bitterness in the mouth can occur with giardiasis, viral hepatitis, steatosis, cirrhosis, or liver tumors. Often this symptom is caused by stressful situations and taking certain medications or is observed with diseases of the gallbladder or bile ducts and organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
Dyspeptic disorders. Failures in the liver lead to such dyspeptic disorders: a “fishy” or sweetish breath, abdominal pain and right hypochondrium, diarrhea or constipation, flatulence and bloating, nausea and vomiting. Subsequently, digestive disorders caused by liver pathologies can lead to the development of diseases of other organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
Yellowness of the skin, sclera and mucous membranes. Jaundice is one of the most noticeable signs of liver problems. Such signs of liver pathologies are provoked by the accumulation of pigments in the blood and tissues present in bile. These symptoms are often observed with hepatitis of various nature or cirrhosis and are accompanied by discoloration of feces and darkening of urine. Jaundice can also occur with cholelithiasis.
Urine discoloration. With cirrhosis of the liver and hepatitis in the blood, the level of bilirubin rises. Subsequently, it is excreted through the kidneys and stains urine in a dark color (it acquires a hue of dark beer). Another sign of liver damage may be the appearance of a yellow foam on the surface of the urine (it appears when it is shaken).
Fecal discoloration. In liver diseases, fecal discoloration is observed for several days and is accompanied by additional symptoms (fever, pain, or discomfort in the right hypochondrium, nausea, dark urine).
Changes in the skin. In addition to jaundice, many liver pathologies can be accompanied by other changes in the skin. They can be observed at different stages of the disease. With biliary cirrhosis and other pathologies accompanied by stagnation of bile in the liver, the patient may develop itchy skin. This symptom leads to scratching and small abrasions on the surface of the skin. Violations of normal bile secretion can lead to hyperpigmentation in various parts of the body. The patient may appear brown spots (varying degrees of intensity) or areas of hyperpigmentation on the palms of the hands, in the groin and / or armpits of a smoky gray or bronze color. With cirrhosis and other chronic ailments of the liver, “spider veins” may appear on the skin. With a long and severe course of such diseases, bruises can occur on the patient’s body that occur after mild pressure on the skin. With liver pathologies accompanied by a violation of the outflow of bile and an increase in the level of fat in the blood, xanthomas can appear on the eyelids, hands and elbows of the hands, knees, feet, buttocks and armpits.
The lack of vitamins causes the skin to appear areas of dryness and peeling, cracks in the corners of the mouth and staining of the tongue in raspberry color. The metabolic disorder that accompanies many chronic liver pathologies can lead to the appearance of white spots or stripes on the surface of the nails. xanthomas may appear in the buttocks and armpits. The lack of vitamins causes the skin to appear areas of dryness and peeling, cracks in the corners of the mouth and staining of the tongue in raspberry color. The metabolic disorder that accompanies many chronic liver pathologies can lead to the appearance of white spots or stripes on the surface of the nails. xanthomas may appear in the buttocks and armpits. The lack of vitamins causes the skin to appear areas of dryness and peeling, cracks in the corners of the mouth and staining of the tongue in raspberry color. The metabolic disorder that accompanies many chronic liver pathologies can lead to the appearance of white spots or stripes on the surface of the nails.
Hormonal changes. Chronic liver diseases can lead to the development of hormonal imbalance, which is accompanied by hair loss in the armpits and pubic hair. In men, the level of androgens decreases and signs of feminization appear – enlargement of the mammary glands in size, testicular atrophy, female-type hair growth, decreased sex drive and impotence. An increase in estrogen levels in women can provoke a rash, aggravate the symptoms of PMS, cause the development of hormone-dependent tumors and menstrual irregularities.
Tendency to bleeding. Long-term abnormalities in the functioning of the liver (for example, with hepatitis) can lead to a decrease in the synthesis of many coagulation factors. In such cases, the patient may experience various types of spontaneous internal bleeding (gastric, intestinal, etc.) and there are nosebleeds, heavy menstruation, a tendency to bleeding gums, etc.
Symptom “jellyfish head.” It is associated with the development of portal hypertension accompanying cirrhosis. As a result, dilated and clearly visible veins appear on the anterior abdominal wall.